Amritsar is one of the major cities of the Sikhism. Under the instructions from Guru Amar Das Sahib, Amritsar city was founded by Guru Ram Das in 1574. In 1574, Guru Ram Das Sahib built his residence and moved to this place. Guru Ram Das Sahib began excavation of the Amritsar Sarovar in 1577. It was ready by 1581. This tank was renovated by Guru Arjun Sahib in 1586. Since then this city is known as Amritsar. The foundation of the Darbar Sahib had been laid by Guru Arjan Sahib on January 3, 1588. In 1590, Guru Arjan Sahib moved to village Wadali where Guru Hargobind Sahib was born on June 19, 1590. By 1601, the Darbar Sahib was fully ready. In 1603-04, the first volume of Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh scriptures, was prepared in this city and was installed at Darbar Sahib on August 16, 1604.
Attraction of Amritsar:
Amritsar - one of the most important Sikh pilgrimage in the country. Religious, historical as well as contemporary sites of importance characterize the city. At the Golden Temple, the Sikhs from across the globe come to pay their reverence to Guru Granth Sahib and take a dip in the Amrit Saras Kund (Pool of Immortality) for spiritual purification is the major landmark of the place.
The Jallianwala Bagh is a memorial of the martyrs of the 1919 massacre by the British General Dyer. Today, here one finds a small gallery with photos of key personalities involved in the 1919 freedom struggle, the well into which the crowds jumped to escape the murderous hail of bullets and a simple memorial at the site that shaped India's destiny, The Durgiana Mandir is a beautiful temple dedicated to Goddess Durga. The Baba Atal Rai Tower, close to the main town, is believed to be the spot where Guru Har Gobind died.
Late afternoon excursion to Wagah border (28 km) - on the Indo-Pakistan border where tourists throng to see the change of guards ceremony by the border security forces of both the countries.
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